Rani Laxmibai of Jhansi.


Today every Indian is free to roam freely because many brave heroes of this country have sacrificed their lives to achieve this freedom. One of them is Maharani Laxmibai, who is known as the queen of Jhansi. So let’s have a look about the life of Rani Laxmibai –

Birth –

Rani Laxmibai, the great heroine who took part in the freedom struggle, was born on 19 November 1828 in a Marathi Brahmin family in Varanasi district. In childhood, she was called Manikarnika and Manu. His parents were of a very gentle nature, his father’s name was Moropant Tambe and mother’s name was Bhagirathi Sapre. Her father was in service in Maratha Bajirao, she lived in Bajirao with her father due to the death of her mother in childhood.


In Peshwa Bajirao, children were taught the education of discourse, while along with Peshwa children, Rani Lakshmibai also received the knowledge of scripture and at the same time learned to use weapons, swords, spears etc. Carrying weapons and horse riding were the favorite sports of Manu. At the age of seven, Lakshmibai learned horse riding.

Marriage –

In the year 1842, Manu was married to Raja Gangadhar Rao Nimbalkar of Jhansi and since then the word Jhansi ki Rani was added to her name. Later he got a son Ratna but suddenly he died at the age of only 4 months. Later he adopted an adopted son named Damodar Rao. Due to poor health, her husband died in 1853.

Conflict with the British rule

After the death of her husband, when the time came to become the successor of Jhansi, the British refused to accept the child Damodar Rao as the successor of Jhansi state under the state usurpation policy of Dalhousie, the Governor General of British India. Just seeing this policy, this heroine jumped into the freedom movement. The British snatched the fort of Jhansi from him and sent him to the palace. And in 1854, the British got possession of Jhansi. But the queen made up her mind to retrieve it.

To fight the British, Lakshmibai started the formation of a volunteer army. In which training for maneuver was given. And set out to compete. In 1858, a large group of British surrounded the queen of Jhansi from all sides, then the queen escaped after saving her life. And reached Kalpi and met Tatya Tope.


The combined forces of Tatya Tope and Lakshmibai captured a Gwalior fort with the help of the rebel soldiers of Gwalior. Rani Laxmibai fought the British army with all her heart, but on 17 June 1858, she died fighting the British army at Kota’s Sarai near Gwalior.